Overlooking the southern Moskva River, this well-maintained park-museum can be visited in summer as well as in winter, when hundreds of children come with their sledges. You can stroll at leisure, because it is really pretty and you can have a tea in one of the many small cafes that border it. The village Kolomenskoye belonged always to the families of the Russian tsars. His name is found in the testament of Ivan Kalita (1328).
From the fourteenth century, the area was the preferred summer residence of great princes, then tsars. At the beginning of the 16th century was built a wooden palace, surrounded by gardens, but it does not exist today. You can see the model at the museum. Kolomenskoye is also linked to the popular resurrection led by Ivan Bolotnikov in the early 17th century.
Today's Kolomenskoye features:
- The Church of Ascension (Voznesseniya, 1532).
- The sytny palace (17th century).
- The church of Saint-Georges-le-Vainqueur (XVIth century).
- The Church of Our Lady of Kazan (1660).
- The Vodovzvodnaya tower (16th century).
- Stone entrance doors (1670).
Kolomenskoye should especially be visited for the Church of Ascension (Voznesseniya). It was built on the orders of Basil III, a great lover of hunting and architecture. It is supposed to have been built to celebrate the birth of the long-awaited heir, the future Ivan the Terrible. The church stands on a high hill above the Moskva. The French composer Hector Berlioz visited Moscow in the 1840s and was delighted by the beauty of the Ascension Church, which he found more beautiful than the cathedrals of Strasbourg and Milan.
The church is well deserving of its name: a superb polygonal structure sloping towards the sky and surmounted by a pyramidal roof (62 m high), it stands out against a wide panorama.
It was the first stone church in Russia (1532) that influenced the Moscow buildings by its composition and decoration.
If you enter inside the church, you will be surprised by the brightness and the interior space.